Registered: August 2006 Location: Orlando, FL Posts: 691
Page for my daughters' Black Heritage Scrapbook. I'm making this to teach them about their ethnicity's history as well as my chosen artform.
I took it's inspiration from Andyapc's "Parenting 101" a beautiful LO but at another site. I gave her a HUGE virtual fruitbasket for allowing me to scraplift her )
I used Jamie Rouselle's "vintage wine" kit. I love that kit, it's one of my very very favorites for sure.
top yellow:Thomas L. Jennings [born 1791] was granted a patent at the age of 30 for a dry cleaning process. Jennings spent most of his income on abolitionist activities and is believed to be the first Black person ever granted a patent. Jennings, a free tradesman, owned & operated a dry cleaning business in New York City.
top big white box:
Madame C. J. Walker (December 23, 1867 - May 25, 1919) was an inventor, businesswoman and self-made millionaire. Sarah Breedlove McWilliams C. J.
Walker was an African-American who developed
many beauty and hair care products that were
extremely popular. Madame Walker started her cosmetics business in 1905. Her first product was a
scalp treatment that used petroleum and a hot comb. Sarah later invented a system for straightening hair. She married Charles J. Walker, and began promoting her product and process under the name of Madame C. J. Walker. She opened a permanent office in Pittsburgh in 1908, which her daughter ran, and in 1910 she formed Madame C. J. Walker Laboratories in Indianapolis, where she developed products and trained her beauticians, known as “Walker Agents.” At her death, the multi-million dollar estate was left to various philanthropic organizations and to her daughter, whose philanthropic endeavors were key to funding the Harlem Renaissance.
middle two red boxes:
Lesis Howard Latimer 1848 -1928) was an Inventor and member of Edison's research team called “Edison’s Pioneers”. Latimer improved the newly-invented incandescent light bulb by inventing a carbon filament (which he patented in 1881). He also worked with Alexander Graham Bell.
Bottom yellow box:
Otis Boykin (1920–1982) invented the electronic control de-vices for guided missiles, IBM computers, and the pacemaker. Boykin invented 28 different electronic devices.
Top red box:
Sarah Boone received a patent on April 26, 1892 for a device which would help to neatly iron clothing. This device, the predecessor to our modern ironing board was made of a narrow wooden board, with collapsible legs and a padded cover and was specifically designed for the fitted clothing worn during that time period.
Prior to her inventions, people were forced to resort to simply using a table or being creative in laying a plank of wood across two chairs or small tables.
middle yellow box:
Elijah McCoy (1843-1929) was a mechanical engineer and inventor. He invented the steam engine lubricatorfor trains. Other inventors tried to copy McCoy's oil-dripping cup. But none of the other cups worked as well as his, so customers started asking for "the real McCoy." That's where the expression comes from.
bottom white box:
Garrett Augustus Morgan (March 4,1877 - August 27,
1963), was anAfrican AmericanIventor and businessman. He wasthe first person to patent a traffic signal. He also developed the gas mask (and many other inventions). Morgan used his gas mask (patent No. 1,090,936, 1914) to rescue miners who were trapped underground in a noxious mine. Soon after, Morgan was asked to produce gas masks for the US Army.
Top long cream box:
Charles Drew (June 1904 - April 1950) researched blood plasma and transfusions in New York City. It was during his work at Columbia University where he made his discoveries relating to the preservation of blood. By separating the liquid red blood cells from the near solid plasma and freezing the two separately, he found that blood could be preserved and reconstituted at a later date. Charles Drew's system for the storing of blood plasma (blood bank) revolutionized the medical profession. Dr. Drew also established the American Red Cross blood bank, of which he was the first director, and he organized the world's first blood bank drive, nicknamed "Blood for Britain".
Bottom big cream box:
Miriam E. Benjamin was a school teacher living in Washington D.C. In 1888, Ms. Benjamin received a patent for an invention she called a Gong and Signal Chair for Hotels. Her chair, as she stated in her patent application would "reduce the expenses of hotels by decreasing the number of waiters and attendants, to add to the convenience and comfort of guests and to obviate the necessity of hand clapping or calling aloud to obtain the services of pages."
The system worked by pressing a small button on the back of a chair which would relay a signal to a waiting attendant. At the same time a light would illuminate on the chair allowing the attendant to see which guest was in need of assistance. The system was adopted and installed within the United States House of Representatives and was the predecessor of the methods used today on airplanes to signal stewardesses. Ms. Benjamin was the second Black woman to receive a patent.